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Friday, November 20, 2020 | History

2 edition of Efficiency and distribution in computable models of carbon emission abatement found in the catalog.

Efficiency and distribution in computable models of carbon emission abatement

Joaquim Oliveira-Martins

Efficiency and distribution in computable models of carbon emission abatement

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  • 19 Currently reading

Published by OECD in Paris .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Waste gases -- Environmental aspects -- Mathematical models.,
  • Fossil fuels -- Environmental aspects -- Mathematical models.,
  • Air -- Pollution -- Mathematical models.,
  • Carbon -- Environmental aspects -- Mathematical models.

  • Edition Notes

    Statementby Joaquim Oliveira Martins and Peter Sturm.
    SeriesOECD working papers -- vol. 6, no 10, Economics Department working papers -- no. 192, OECD working papers -- v. 6, no. 10.., Working papers (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Economics Dept.) -- no. 192..
    ContributionsSturm, Peter, 1940-.
    The Physical Object
    Pagination17 p. ;
    Number of Pages17
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL16624035M

    Joaquim Oliveira Martins & Peter Sturm, "Efficiency and Distribution in Computable Models of Carbon Emission Abatement," OECD Economics Department Working Papers , OECD Publishing. Joaquim Oliveira Martins & Stefano Scarpetta & Dirk Pilat, "Recommended Readings" published on 29 Oct by An Elgar Research Collection • Edward Elgar Publishing, : Graciela Chichilnisky.


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Efficiency and distribution in computable models of carbon emission abatement by Joaquim Oliveira-Martins Download PDF EPUB FB2

The separability between efficiency and equity is an underlying assumption in most computable general equilibrium (CGE) models used to assess the costs of carbon abatement.

EFFICIENCY AND DISTRIBUTION IN COMPUTABLE MODELS OF CARBON EMISSION ABATEMENT Joaquim Oliveira Martins and Peter Sturm1 I. Introduction Though much uncertainty surrounds the precise links between carbon emissions and their effect on climate, the risks involved are by now considered sufficiently large for the global community to have.

Efficiency and distribution in computable models of carbon emission abatement. Paris: OECD, (OCoLC) Material Type: Internet resource: Document Type: Book, Internet Resource: All Authors / Contributors: Joaquim Oliveira-Martins; Peter Sturm. Efficiency and distribution in computable models of carbon emission abatement.

[Joaquim Oliveira-Martins; Peter Sturm] -- The separability between efficiency and equity is an underlying assumption in most computable general equilibrium (CGE) models used to assess the costs of carbon abatement. Efficiency and Distribution in Computable Models of Carbon Emission Abatement Oliveira Martins, Joaquim / Sturm, Peter Efficiency and Distribution in Computable Models of Carbon Emission Abatement.

In Environmental Markets: Equity and Efficiency (pp. Efficiency and Distribution in Computable Models of Carbon Emission Abatement, by Joaquim Oliveira Martins and Peter Sturm Securitizing the Biosphere, by Graciela Chichilnisky and Geoffrey Heal The separability between efficiency and Efficiency and distribution in computable models of carbon emission abatement book is an underlying assumption in most computable general equilibrium (CGE) models used to assess the costs of carbon abatement.

Chichilnisky and Heal () have generated a debate on both the analytical correctness of this hypothesis as well as its precise policy : Joaquim Oliveira Martins and Peter Sturm. Efficiency and Distribution in Computable Models of Carbon Emission Abatement The separability between efficiency and equity is an underlying assumption in most computable general equilibrium (CGE) models used to assess the costs of carbon by: The separability between efficiency and equity has been an underlying assumption in most of the assessments of the costs to reduce carbon emissions.

Chichilnisky and Heal () suggested that this property does not hold anymore if carbon abatement is viewed as a public good produced in a decentralised way by private consumption : Joaquim Oliveira Martins.

Martins, J. and P. Sturm (), ‘Efficiency and Distribution in Computable Models of Carbon Emission Abatement’, in G.

Chichilnisky and G. Heal, eds., Environmental Markets: Equity and Efficiency New York: Columbia University PressCited by: To evaluate the efficiency of carbon emissions reduction policies in Indonesia, we used four instruments — a carbon tax, a fuel tax, an ETS and a policy mix of carbon and fuel taxes.

4 Each policy instrument was calibrated to achieve approximately 50% of Indonesia's INDC target by the yearwhich represents a reduction of Mt of CO : Sumali Dissanayake, Renuka Mahadevan, John Asafu-Adjaye.

This paper attempts to examine the allocative efficiency of carbon emission reduction and non-fossil energy consumption by employing a zero sum gains data envelopment analysis (ZSG-DEA) model, given the premise of fixed CO 2 emissions as well as non-fossil energy consumption.

In making its forecasts, the paper optimizes allocative efficiency in Cited by: Downloadable. This paper analyses the distributional impact of carbon tax in Indonesia, one of the largest carbon emitter developing countries.

Using a Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) model with disaggregated households, the result suggests that in contrast to most studies from industrialised countries, the introduction of carbon tax in Indonesia is not necessarily by:   Carbon Abatement Costs and Climate Change Finance.

energy efficiency growth, and carbon-efficiency of energy growth thereafter. The central policy simulation then involves a "Copenhagen Convergence" path, in which major economies meet their Copenhagen (December ) pledges forand thereafter emissions per capita decline along a path.

Efficiency or Equity. Simulating the Carbon Emission Permits Trading Schemes in China Based on an Inter-Regional CGE Model CCEP Working Paper May Libo Wu. School of Economics, Fudan University. Weiqi Tang School of Economics, Fudan University.

Abstract. Energy conservation and greenhouse gas (GHG) abatement have been included in the. The efficient degree of abatement is to reduce emissions by four pounds of CO per week to six pounds per week. As shown in Panel (b) of Figureapplication of the marginal decision rule suggests that the efficient level of abatement effort is to reduce pollution by 4 pounds of CO produced per week.

Accounting for energy inputs in CGE models. The accounting of carbon emissions and local pollutants involves an accounting of energy inputs into industry and households.

Many analyses of carbon policies use multisector CGE models, for example, those used in the Energy Modeling Forum, EMF 32 (Fawcett et al., ).

These models are often Author: Richard J. Goettle, Mun S. Ho, Peter J. Wilcoxen. The reason is that the distribution of the total efficiency gains from permit trading not only improves the economic well-being of all regions as compared to strictly domestic action, but in particular raises economic welfare of major opponents to carbon restrictions from the developing world even beyond non-abatement baseline levels.

4 CARBON TAX GUIDE A HANDBOO OR POIC MAER LIST OF ACRONYMS AFOLU Agriculture, Forestry, and Other Land Use BAU Business As Usual BCA Border Carbon Adjustment CCS Carbon, Capture and Sequestration CDM Clean Development Mechanism CER Certified Emission Reduction CGE Computable General Equilibrium.

China’s electricity industry has been undergoing a process of regulatory reform. This study aims to analyse the impact of liberalization on the electricity market assuming different degrees of scope of the reforms by applying a computable general equilibrium (CGE) model.

In this paper, we consider the three sub-sectors of the electricity industry, namely generation, transmission Cited by: 1. Energy Efficiency as a Low-Cost Resource for Achieving Carbon Emissions Reductions is a product of the National Action Plan for Energy Efficiency and does not reflect the views, policies, or otherwise of the federal government.

The role of the U.S. Department of Energy and U.S. Chapter 9 - Efficiency and Distribution in Computable Models of Carbon Emission Abatement Chapter 10 - Securitizing the Biosphere carbon abatement policies. Moreover, we show that alternative ways of recycling permit rents may have important implications on the economy-wide efficiency of abatement strategies.

The remainder of the paper is as follows. In section 2 we give a brief model summary, motivate the importance of the BaU calibration, and describe the steps involved. metric tons of carbon (MT).Carbon emissions are calculated by the fuels consumed times heat coefficient times the carbon coefficient times the combustion efficiency.

The product of fuels consumed times heat coefficient is in the unit of trillion Btu. The carbon coefficients are given by Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)reports [4].File Size: KB. We find CO 2 emissions abatement to be invariant to the chosen recycling scheme.

This means that policy makers need not compromise their environmental objectives when designing carbon tax swap options. We also find additional emissions reductions beyond the scope of coverage and points of by: 7.

This paper employed a non-radial efficiency analysis technique, namely slacks-based measure, to calculate the marginal abatement cost of carbon emissions. The study was concerning ten manufacturing sectors that have been included in Shanghai’s pilot emission trading scheme.

The empirical result shows the overall weighted average marginal abatement cost is Yuan/ by: 1. CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): In the context of climate protection policy it has been suggested that global CO2 emissions should be reduced significantly (contraction) and that per capita emissions should gradually be equalized across countries (convergence).

This paper uses a dynamic multi-region computable general equilibrium model. time, modeling teams have explicitly introduced global land use into computable general equilibrium (CGE) models, the work horses of economic policy analysis.

In this book, we present a collection of pioneering papers in the applied economics of land use in CGE models. This book describes and critically assesses the underlying data, the.

associated with carbon abatement policies.2 In reality, addressing the uneven distributional impact of carbon abatement policies could be achieved by the redefinition of emissions property rights to provide free permits to firms.

Depending on the concept of property rights used, permits could be allocated in different ways. Exploring a low-carbon development path for Vietnam (English) Abstract. Low-cost energy and other natural resources have played a key role in driving the Vietnamese economy over the past decades.

Under the low-carbon development (LCD) scenario, Vietnam can achieve its Vietnam green growth strategy (VGGS) targets. The analysis. abatement of GHGs. Further, he explains why an international climate policy based on national emission targets would not be effective and argue in favor of a harmonized carbon emissions tax.

Nordhaus () critically assesses the current climate policy. The analysis estimates the national carbon abatement potential of the most commonly implemented actions (Aznar et al. ) in six specific policy areas. The results of this analysis suggest that, in aggregate, cities could reduce nationwide carbon emissions by about million metric tons of carbon dioxide (MMT CO.

Sector coverage matters greatly in designing China’s national emissions trading system (ETS), with issues to be considered including impacts on emission reduction, economic and social welfare change, and carbon leakage to uncovered sectors.

In this article, we evaluate various policy choices by setting up six scenarios in a China computableCited by: CGE model Standard computable general equilibrium model for carbon abatement EU28 and Rest of the World region Based on GTAP9 data forward calibrated to using IMF GDP forecasts Electricity, energy-intensive sectors, refined oil products, and air transport under EUETS Non-ETS sectors include coal, natural gas, crude oil.

Global warming is on a dangerous trajectory. Human-induced carbon dioxide pollution and deforestation are steadily increasing levels of atmospheric CO 2 concentration which is resulting in, among other things, higher global average temperatures and extreme weather events.

This article opines on the latest global warming data, mitigation policies, and the two major methods of carbon emissions. Future carbon dioxide (CO 2) emissions under a carbon tax depend on the time-path of the economy under baseline (business-as-usual) conditions as well as the extent to which the policy reduces emissions relative to the erable uncertainties surround the baseline forecasts for fuel prices, energy efficiency (energy-GDP ratios), and GDP, as evidenced by Cited by: 2.

ZhongXiang Zhang and Henk Folmer, Economic modelling approaches to cost estimates for the control of carbon dioxide emissions, Energy Economics, 20, 1, (), (). Crossref TERRY BARKER and JONATHAN KÖHLER, Equity and Ecotax Reform in the EU: Achieving a 10 per cent Reduction in CO2 Emissions Using Excise Duties, Fiscal Studies, 19, 4 Cited by: Compensation for International Spillovers from Carbon Abatement Policies to Developing Countries - A Global CGE Assessment", Computational Economics, 23(1), Böhringer, C.; Welsch, H.

(): "C&C - Contraction and Convergence of Carbon Emissions: The Implications of Permit Trading", Journal of Policy Modeling, 26(1), ENV-Linkages model.

The ENV-Linkages model is a recursive dynamic neo-classical general equilibrium model (GE). A global economic model built primarily on a database of national economies (GTAP V8 Database). In its current form, the model represents the world economy in 25 countries/regions, each with 35 economic sectors.; The baseline projection as used for the.

Exploring a low-carbon development path for Vietnam (Inglês) Resumo. Low-cost energy and other natural resources have played a key role in driving the Vietnamese economy over the past decades. Under the low-carbon development (LCD) scenario, Vietnam can achieve its Vietnam green growth strategy (VGGS) targets.

The analysis Cited by: 2. Carbon Dioxide Emission: A Mathematical Model.” American Journal of Applied Mathematics and Statistics, vol.

4, no. 1 (): doi: /ajams 1. Introduction. In present scenario, global warming is a serious threat to our planet due to emission of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere.

Global warming gases are emitted into the.In partnership with Rice University’s Baker Institute for Public Policy, this report provides an up-to-date (inclusive of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of ) analysis of the short-run and long-run macroeconomic effects and intergenerational and intragenerational distributional effects of a federal carbon tax in the U.S.Carbon emissions trading is a form of emissions trading that specifically targets carbon dioxide (calculated in tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent or tCO 2) and it currently constitutes the bulk of emissions trading.

This form of permit trading is a common method countries utilize in order to meet their obligations specified by the Kyoto Protocol; namely the reduction of carbon emissions .